ATLANTA — The state Board of Education voted Thursday to essentially endorse Gov. Brian Kemp’s opposition to teaching Critical Race Theory in Georgia schools, despite criticism it would muzzle open discussion of America’s history of racism.

A resolution board members passed 11-2 declares the board’s belief that the United States “is not a racist country, and that the state of Georgia is not a racist state.”

Critical Race Theory defines racism as a tenet upheld through legal and social structures rather than just individual bias. According to the theory, racial disparities in matters like wealth or education arise from policies that favor White people over Black people.

The five-page resolution goes on to oppose any use of public education resources to “indoctrinate” students in any political ideology or theory or accepting either federal or private funding that requires teaching that anyone is inherently racist or inherently a victim of racism.

“This is strictly an unnecessary political overreaction prompted by a recent letter from Gov. Kemp opposing ‘critical race theory’ to members of the Georgia Board of Education,” said Lisa Morgan, president of the Georgia Association of Educators reacting to a resolution passed today by the board.

“History is replete with instances of, and lessons about, oppression,” Morgan said in a statement. “This resolution will not only impact the teaching of America’s complete history, but overall world history. Under this resolution, our teachers’ abilities to apply appropriate instructional decisions for their students will be severely limited.”

Kemp urged the board in a letter two weeks ago to oppose the teaching of “critical race theory” in Georgia schools. The letter followed a proposal by the Biden administration to prioritize critical race theory — which emphasizes the existence of systemic racism in the United States — in the awarding of federal grants.

Critical race theory is a divisive ideology that should not become a standard taught in Georgia classrooms, board Chairman Scott Sweeney said before Thursday’s vote.

“Is there racism within this country? Absolutely,” Sweeney said. “Is the entire country racist? I don’t agree with that.”

Board member Mike Royal said the resolution is intended to ensure the teaching of American history in Georgia isn’t one-sided.

“History needs to be taught not from one particular viewpoint but from both sides,” Royal said.

But board member Kenneth Mason, who is Black, said the resolution sends the wrong message by stifling discussion of racism in Georgia classrooms.

“It says, ‘If you have experienced racism in your life, you should be silent,’ ” said Mason, who voted against the resolution. “That’s extremely disappointing to me.”

Tracey Nance Pendley, Georgia’s Teacher of the Year, who serves on the board in an ex-officio capacity, said the wording of the resolution appears to censor teachers.

“We can’t ignore the extensive research into the systemic (racial) barriers that exist in our country,” she said. “I worry not being allowed to discuss current events could be damaging.”

But Sweeney said there’s nothing in the resolution limiting what teachers can teach.

“This resolution doesn’t put the brakes on anything that is already occurring in the classroom,” he said. “This is a belief statement more than anything else.”

Georgia Attorney General Chris Carr recently joined Kemp in his opposition to the teaching of critical race theory. Carr joined 19 other Republican attorneys general last month in opposing the U.S. Department of Education plan.

Rome News-Tribune Editor John Bailey contributed to this report.

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