The throw-in. It sounds simple enough. If you are the official, give the ball to the player and let them throw it to a teammate inbounds.
First of all, the ball becomes live once it is bounced or handed to the thrower. That’s when the five-second count begins. The five-second count ends when the ball is released by the thrower. The throw-in itself ends when it is touched by a player inbounds or the throw-in team commits a violation.
Following a made goal or free throw the thrower is allowed to move along the end line. The thrower can even throw the ball to another teammate that is out of bounds on the end line. This procedure is maintained following a timeout as well. After a violation, a foul prior to the one-and-one, a timeout, an alternate possession, or the start of a quarter or overtime, a spot throw-in is required.
Chapter and verse, rule 4-6: The designated throw-in spot is 3 feet wide with no depth limitation and is established and signaled by the official prior to putting the ball at the thrower’s disposition. The thrower must keep one foot on or over the designated spot until the ball is released. The traveling and dribbling rules are not in effect for a throw-in.
Here are some other provisions for the throw-in from rule 9-2: 1) The ball cannot be touched by a teammate of the thrower inbounds while it is on the out-of-bounds side — the thrower cannot “hand off” the ball. 2) The thrower cannot carry the ball onto the court. 3) The thrown ball shall not touch the thrower before it is touched by a player inbound. (This allows the thrower to bounce the ball off the back side of an opposing player and retrieve the ball.)
4) The throw-in shall not enter the basket before being touched by a player. 5) The opponents of the thrower shall not have any part of his/her person through the boundary plane of the out-of-bound line. The first violation is a recorded warning, and the second violation is a technical foul. And finally, 6) if an opponent reaching through the boundary plane touches or dislodges the ball it is a technical foul charged to the offender.
A throw-in that goes out of bounds without being touched by a player is awarded to the opposing team at the spot of the original throw-in. Here’s a strange scenario regarding a throw-in. If the thrower holds the ball over the boundary line and the opponent grasps it along with the thrower it is considered out-of-bounds on the opponent and the ball is given back to the thrower.
And how about this one? If a throw-in lodges between the rim and the backboard it is a violation by the throw-in team and possession goes to the opponent. It sounds like it should be simple, but officials must be aware of all the things that can affect the game via the throw-in.
Region win/loss records will be determined in the next couple of weeks that will decide sub-region and region tournament brackets, so support your teams.
May the calls go your way. See you at the gym.
Stan Pethel is a longtime local basketball official and a member of the Northwest Georgia Basketball Officials Association.