Statewide, 35 percent of eligible hospitals will be penalized — a higher percentage than in all but five other states, a Kaiser Health News report reveals.
The penalty program, created by the Affordable Care Act, began four years ago to spur hospitals to reduce infections and problems such as bedsores and sepsis.
Floyd Medical Center and Redmond Regional Medical Center in Rome have avoided sanctions all four years.
Gordon Hospital in Calhoun made the list for the first time this year. Bartow County’s Cartersville Medical Center was sanctioned in 2015 and 2016, improved for 2017, but is back on the list for 2018.
The Georgia hospitals penalized include some of the state’s biggest and best-known. They include Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University Hospital and Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta; AU Medical Center in Augusta; Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital in Albany; and Candler Hospital and Memorial Health University Medical Center in Savannah.
Medicare will cut by 1 percent its payments for each patient stay.
Not all hospitals are included in the penalty program. Those exempted include small “critical access” hospitals such as Polk Medical Center and children’s hospitals.
Nationally, 23 percent of eligible hospitals were penalized.
Kaiser Health News reported that the penalties again fell heavily on teaching hospitals, although less so than before. A third of them were punished this year, while last year, the penalty was levied on nearly half of the nation’s teaching hospitals.
Dr. Atul Grover, executive vice president at the Association of American Medical Colleges, told KHN that while teaching hospitals as a group fared better than last year, “we are still disproportionately affected.”
Cause and effect
Factors considered in the program include rates of infections from hysterectomies, colon surgeries, urinary tract catheters and central line tubes inserted into veins. It also includes rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, and Clostridium difficile, known as C-diff.
Medicare also takes into account the frequency of in-hospital injuries, including bedsores, hip fractures, blood clots, sepsis and post-surgical wound ruptures, KHN reported.
The hospital industry has complained in the past that the penalties are unfair to hospitals that treat a high percentage of low-income patients and those with complex conditions.
“Many of these hospitals treat patients with more acute conditions and also serve a higher percentage of uninsured,” said Ethan James of the Georgia Hospital Association. “The metrics can unfairly punish hospitals that treat sicker and poorer patients.”
Advocates for patients say the Medicare penalties have pushed hospital executives to consider more than the bottom line.
Beth Stephens of Georgia Watch, a consumer advocacy group, told GHN that “we definitely want to see Georgia hospitals continuing to prioritize patient safety and performing better than the national averages.”
But Stephens added that current hospital financial environment is challenging. “So many hospitals are struggling with uncompensated care costs, the problems created by coverage gaps and paying for the health care needs of our most under-resourced communities,” she said. “The uncertainty surrounding the ACA and our lack of Medicaid expansion create barriers to improving health care quality in Georgia.”
For all the penalized hospitals, the reductions will retroactively apply to Medicare payments from the beginning of the federal fiscal year in October 2017 and through the end of September 2018.
In addition to the 1 percent cut per patient stay, Medicare will reduce the amount of money that penalized hospitals get to teach medical residents and to care for low-income people. The total amount for each hospital depends on how much it ends up billing Medicare.
The law requires that Medicare penalize the worst-performing quarter of general hospitals each year, guaranteeing that about 750 or more hospitals will take the financial hit even if they improve safety.
Rome News-Tribune staff writer Diane Wagner contributed to this report.